Learn about the signs and symptoms that would indicate your child's shunt is not working properly. Also learn how shunt problems are diagnosed and treated. If your child has a shunt in place, it may stop working properly.
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center provides the following warning signs of shunt malfunction:. Find Another Condition or Treatment. Show All.
Ventriculoperitoneal VP shunt insertion remains the mainstay of treatment for hydrocephalus despite a high rate of complications. The predictors of shunt malfunction have been studied mostly in pediatric patients. In this study, we report our year experience with VP shunts in adult patients with hydrocephalus.
Hydrocephalus means there is a build-up of cerebrospinal also called CSF, around the brain. The purpose of CSF is to protect the brain and spinal cord. When there is too much fluid, it can be dangerous.
Most cases of shunt malfunctions occur due to occlusion blockage of the proximal ventricular catheter. In these instances, pumping of the shunt will show a valve that is slow to refill, or does not refill at all. An imaging CT or MRI scan will show if the ventricles are of normal size and if the shunt is working properly.
A ventriculoperitoneal VP shunt is a medical device that relieves pressure on the brain caused by fluid accumulation. VP shunting is a surgical procedure that primarily treats a condition called hydrocephalus. CSF cushions your brain and protects it from injury inside your skull.
Little is known regarding the optimal treatment of ventriculoperitoneal VP shunt infections in adults. Our aim was to assess the efficacy of treatment strategies and to identify factors that predict failure. The primary endpoint was failure of the treatment strategy, defined as the absence of definite cerebrospinal fluid CSF sterilization or related mortality.
The type of neurological exam will depend on a person's age. The neurologist may ask questions and conduct relatively simple tests in the office to judge muscle condition, movement, well-being and how well the senses are functioning. Imaging tests can help diagnose hydrocephalus and identify underlying causes of the symptoms.
Back to Hydrocephalus. A shunt is a delicate piece of equipment that can malfunction, usually by becoming blocked or infected. Sometimes a scan after the operation shows the shunt is not in the best position, and further surgery is needed to reposition it. If a baby or child has a shunt fitted, the shunt may become too small as the child grows, and it will need to be replaced.